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General Crocodilian Topics

The following bibliography contains selected citations which were identified as key references about living and extinct crocodilians. It provides a general overview on different topics, and is not intended to be complete nor comprehensive.

General Information on Crocodiles

  • Brazaitis, P. (1973). The Identification of Living Crocodilians. Zoologica 58(3-4): 59-101.
  • Grenard, S. (1991). Handbook of Alligators and Crocodiles. Krieger Publishing Company: Malabar, Florida. 210 pp.
  • Grigg, G.C., Seebacher, F. and Franklin, C.E. (2001). Crocodilian Biology and Evolution. Surrey Beatty & Sons: Chipping Norton. 446 pp.
  • Guggisberg, C.A.W. (1972). Crocodiles - their Natural History, Folklore, and Conservation. Newton Abbot: Devon. 195 pp.
  • Richardson, K., Manolis, C. and Webb, G. (2002). Crocodiles: Inside and Out. Surrey Beatty & Sons: Sydney.
  • Ross, C.A. and Garnett, S. (1989). Crocodiles and Alligators. Facts on File: New York. 240 pp. 
  • Trutnau, L. and Sommerlad, R. (2006). Crocodilians. Their Natural History and Captive Husbandry. Edition Chimaira: Frankfurt. 646 pp.

Conservation, Management and Sustainable Use

  • Jenkins, R.W.G, Jelden, D., Webb, G.J.W. and Manolis, S.C. (eds.) (2006). Review of Crocodile Ranching Programmes. Conducted for CITES by IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. AC22 Inf. 2, www.cites.org/eng/com/AC/22/index.shtml.
  • Manolis, S.C. and Stevenson, C. (eds.) (2010). Crocodiles: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Third Edition. Available on the CSG website
  • Webb, G.J.W. (1994). The link between conservation and the sustainable use of wildlife. In Crocodiles. Proceedings of the 2nd Regional Meeting of the IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. IUCN-CCNT: Darwin.
  • Webb, G.J.W. (1994). The links between wildlife conservation and sustainable use. In Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Herpetology; Symposium - Commercial Utilisation of Reptiles and Amphibians, 29 December 1993-6 January 1994, Adelaide.
  • Webb, G.J.W. (1995). The links between wildlife conservation and sustainable use. Pp. 15-20 in Conservation through Sustainable Use of Wildlife, ed. by G.C. Grigg, P. Hale and D. Lunney. University of Queensland: Brisbane.
  • Webb, G.J.W. (1997). Sustainable use of wildlife. Australian Biologist 10(1): 3-11.
  • Webb, G.J.W. (2002). Conservation and sustainable use of wildlife - an evolving concept. Pacific Conserv. Biol. 8(1): 12-26.
  • Webb, G.J.W. (2008). Wicked problems with wicked crocodiles. In Proceedings of the 19th Working Meeting of the IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. IUCN: Gland, Switzerland.
  • Webb, G.J.W., Manolis, S.C. and Whitehead, P.J. (1987). Wildlife Management: Crocodiles and Alligators. Surrey Beatty & Sons: Chipping Norton. 552 pp.
  • Webb, G.J.W. and Smith, A.M.A. (1987). Life history parameters, population dynamics and the management of crocodilians. Pp. 199-210 in Wildlife Management: Crocodile and Alligators, ed. by G.J.W. Webb, S.C. Manolis and P.J. Whitehead. Surrey Beatty & Sons: Chipping Norton.

Taxonomy and Phylogenetics

  • Brochu, C.A. (1997). Phylogenetic Systematics and Taxonomy of Crocodylia. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin. 467 pp.
  • Densmore, L.D. and White, S.P. (1991). The systematics and evolution of the Crocodylia as suggested by restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA. Copeia (3): 602-615.
  • Gratten, J. (2003). The Molecular Systematics, Phylogeography and Population Genetics of Indo-Paciļ¬c Crocodylus. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.

Genetics, Immunology and Biochemistry

  • Manolis, S.C., Webb, G.J.W. and Dempsey, K.E. (1987). Crocodile egg chemistry. Pp. 445-472 in Wildlife Management: Crocodile and Alligators, ed. by G.J.W. Webb, S.C. Manolis and P.J. Whitehead, Surrey Beatty and Sons: Chipping Norton.
  • Webb, G.J.W. and Cooper-Preston, H. (1989). Effects of incubation temperature on crocodilians and the evolution of reptilian oviparity. American Zoologist 29: 953-971.
  • Webb, G.J.W., Manolis, S.C., Dempsey, K.E. and Whitehead, P.J. (1987). Crocodilian eggs: a functional overview. Pp. 417-422 in Wildlife Management: Crocodile and Alligators, ed. by G.J.W. Webb, S.C. Manolis and P.J. Whitehead. Surrey Beatty & Sons: Chipping Norton.
  • Webb, G.J.W., Manolis, S.C., Whitehead, P.J. and Dempsey, K.E. (1987). The possible relationship between embryo orientation, opaque banding and the dehydration of albumen in crocodile eggs. Copeia 1987(1): 252-257.

Behaviour and General Ecology

  • Brazaitis, P. and Watanbe, M.E. (2011). Crocodilian behaviour: a window to dinosaur behaviour? Historical Biology 23(1): 73-90.
  • Eaton, M. J., and Link, W. A. (2011). Estimating Age from Recapture Data: Integrating Incremental Growth Measures with Ancillary Data to Infer Age-At-Length. Ecological Applications 21(7): 2487-97. Available
  • Garrick, L.D. and Lang, J.W. (1977). Social signals and behaviors of adult alligators and crocodiles. American Zoologist 17: 225-239.
  • Lance, V. A. (1989). Reproductive cycle of the American alligator. American Zoologist 29: 999-1018.
  • Lang, J.W. (1987). Crocodilian behavior: implications for management. Pp. 273-294 in Wildlife Management: Crocodiles and Alligators, ed. by G.J.W. Webb, S.C. Manolis and P.J. Whitehead. Surrey Beatty & Sons: Chipping Norton.
  • Thorbjarnarson, J.B. (1996). Reproductive characteristics of the Order Crocodylia. Herpetologica 52(1): 8-24.
  • Webb, G.J.W. and Cooper-Preston, H. (1989). Effects of incubation temperature on crocodiles and the evolution of reptilian oviparity. American Zoologist 29: 953-971.

Crocodilian Care (Captive Husbandry and Diseases)

  • Huchzermeyer, F.W. (2003). Crocodiles: Biology, Husbandry and Diseases. CABI Publishing: Cambridge, Massachusetts. 337 pp.

Industry and Trade

  • Fuchs, K. (2006). The Crocodile Skin - Important Characteristics in Identifying Crocodilian Species. Edition Chimaira: Frankfurt am Main. 176 pp.
  • Hutton, J.M. and Webb, G.J.W. (1992). An introduction to the farming of crocodilians. Pp. 1-39 in A Directory of Crocodilian Farming Operations, ed. by R. Luxmoore. IUCN: Cambridge.
  • Hutton, J. and Webb, G.J.W. (2003). Crocodiles: Legal Trade Snaps Back. Pp. 108-120 in Trade in Wildlife: Regulation for Conservation, ed. by S. Oldfield. Earthscan Publications: London.

Palaeontolgy 

  • Brochu, C.A. (1997). Phylogenetic Systematics and Taxonomy of Crocodylia. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin. 467 pp.

Methods for Working with Crocodilians

  • Brien, M., Webb, G., Manolis, C., Lindner, G., and Ottway, D. (2010). A method for attaching tracking devices to crocodilians. Herpetological Review 41(3): 305-308.