Resources of Vet Science Group

The Mission of the CSG Veterinary Science Group is to:

  • provide a platform for the exchange of and access to specific veterinary knowledge and advise the CSG on veterinary matters related to crocodilian conservation;
  • contribute to advancing crocodile veterinary medicine and science; and,
  • provide support to animals under human care: farms and zoological or educational institutions, biologists and researchers that require veterinary support in their work such as sampling, anesthesia, surgery, etc., conservation, research, NGO and Government organizations investigating in-situ mortalities and population health status.
As part of this overall mission, the Veterinary Science Group aims to compile information on selected topics, which will be posted on the CSG website as it becomes available (see Resources below).

Expertise Register

At the 23rd CSG Working Meeting (May 2014), attendees to the Veterinary Science Group side-meeting were asked to provide their details, so that a list could be posted on the CSG website. This list could serve as a resource for CSG members and non-members seeking advice on veterinary matters.

CSG members interested in being involved with the Veterinary Science Group and being included on the list (see below), should send their details (full name, e-mail, interest/expertise, country) to Dr. Cathy Shilton (Cathy.Shilton@nt.gov.au) or Dr. Paolo Martelli (paolo.martelli@oceanpark.com.hk). An updated list, including e-mail addresses, is available from Dr. Shilton or Dr. Martelli.

Name  Interest/Expertise Country
Aquino, Teri
haematology Philippines
Bassetti, Luis
haematology, thermoregulation
Camargo, Alejandra
euthanasia, zoo capture
Caraguel, Charles
evidence-based farming
Cedeno-Vasquez, Jose management, conservation Mexico
Chang, Li Jenn
zoo animals, traditional Chinese vet medicine
Colbert, Tony
Cooper, John E.
East Africa
Douglas, Bruce
Fanget, Adrien
Foggin, Chris
pathology Zimbabwe
Geczy, Csaba
Gopinath, Dhiraj
animal welfare, zoo management
Govender, Danny
conservation, eco-toxicology
South Africa
Hoyo, Gonzalo F.
conservation, husbandry
Huchzermeyer, David
South Africa
Isberg, Sally
industry, husbandry, management
Jackson, Robert
toxicology, farming South Africa
Jitraporn, Chanrajakit
farming, management
Khadka, Bed Bahadur
freshwater ecology
Lance, Val
physiology, reproduction, endocrinology
Langelet, Eric
Langevin, Beatrice
surgery (orthopaedic and general)
Mallapur, Gowrie
animal welfare, zoo medical, capacity development
Manalo, Rainier
captive management
Martelli, Paolo
zoological, industry
Hong Kong
Martin, Samuel
Matsuda, Akira
zoo, general medicine, husbandry
conservation, husbandry
McCaskill, Lonnie
McClure, Geoff
release protocols, husbandry, nutrition
captive management, head-starting
McLeod, Robbie
reproduction, captive breeding, husbandry, nutrition
Milic, Natalie
biomedical sciences
Myburg, Jan
toxicology, crocodile farming
South Africa
Pfitzer, Silke
veterinary, farming
South Africa
Reilly, Paul
Ross, Perran
conservation, management
Rowland, Jaelle
research, husbandry
Shilton, Cathy
clinical and anatomical pathology
Sibongga, Brian
breeding, husbandry, nutrition
Sigler, Luis
crocodile management, capture
Siroski, Pablo
physiology, management
Swan, Gerry
farming, management, pharmacology
South Africa
Talka, Mike
conservation, breeding
Tellez, Marisa
parasitology, husbandry, conservation, wild capture
Van Der Woude, Susan
South Africa
Vliet, Kent
zoo, euthanasia
Wajjwalku, Worawidh
diagnostic pathology

Fritz Huchzermeyer Veterinary Science Student Research Assistance Scheme

In honour of the late Dr. Fritz Huchzermeyer, in mid-2014 the Veterinary Science group established the "Fritz Huchzermeyer Veterinary Science Student Research Assistance Scheme" (FHVS-SRAS), with the specific goal of encouraging and assisting undergraduate and post-graduate students to undertake formal research to advance crocodilian veterinary science. Click here for details. 


1.1. Step by Step Guide and Reporting Form for the Necropsy of Crocodilians (English) (Dr. Paolo Martelli and Dr. Fritz Huchzermeyer)

1.2. Guia Paso por Paso y Formato de Reporte para la Necropsia de Crocodilianos (Espanol) (Dr. Paolo Martelli and Dr. Fritz Huchzermeyer, translated by Luis Sigler)

1.3. Manuel Operatoire et Formulaire pour la Realisation d'Autposies de Crocodiliens (Francais) (Dr. Paolo Martelli and Dr. Fritz Huchzermeyer, translated by Dr. Samuel Martin)

1.4. Gharial Necropsy Manual (Hindi) (Dr. Gowrie Mallapur and Dhiraj Gopinath; translated by Mrs. Rekha Joshi)

2. Literature relating to crocodilian immobilization (compiled by Dr. Annabelle Olsson)

4. A Checklist of Host-Parasite Interactions of the Order Crocodylia (Dr. Marisa Tellez; University of California Press, Berkeley). Dr. Tellez has also provided a Crocodile-Parasite Data Sheet (Excel format) that summarises current knowledge on crocodile-parasite interactions for different species. Literature cited in this document are available in "A Checklist of Host-Parasite Interactions of the Order Crocodylia".

Sebekia mississippiensis             Timoniella loosi                         Dujardinascaris waltoni        
     (lung)                                    (intestine)                                       (stomach)                

5. Link to the Histopathology site (Spectrum WebViewer) Click here for a list of available tissues.

Measuring serum protein                        Blood smear            Septic croc heterophils & monocytes       Measuring haematocrit
              Whole carcase                           Lung with diaphragm                Dissected crocodile heart                  Nematode trails

10. Biosecurity: A Brief Introduction (Dr. Cathy Shilton)

13. Euthanasia/Killing Methods for Crocodilians

14. Sampling Tips for Various Types of Ancillary Necropsy Testing (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016)

15. Immobilization of Crocodiles (Dr. Silke Pfitzer, Dr. Samuel Martin and Dr. Paolo Martelli) (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016)

16. Necropsy Basics and Taking the Best Samples (Dr. Cathy Shilton) (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016).

17. Live Blood and Tissue Sampling Techniques (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016).

18. Ultrasound - a Useful Tool for Health Assessment in Crocodilians (Dr. Paolo Martelli and Dr. Brian Chin Wing Kot) (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016).

19. Transmitter Attachment and Monitoring - Appropriate Techniques and Technologies (Dr. Xander Combrink, Dr. Jonathan Warner and Dr. Danie Pienaar) (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016).

20. Marking: Tags, Natural Tail Marks and Scute Clipping (Dr. Xander Combrink, Dr. Jonathan Warner and Dr. Danie Pienaar) (from CSG Veterinary Workshop, 2016).

21. Parasite Drawings: The following drawings, drawn by Dr. Ralph Appy, were submitted by Dr. Marisa Tellez.

Dujardinascaris waltoni
  Hosts: Alligator mississippiensis, Crocodylus acutus
  Biological location: stomach

Ortleppascaris antipini
Hosts: Alligator mississippiensis, Crocodylus moreletii, Crocodylus rhombifer
  Biological location: stomach and intestine

Brevimulticaecum tennuicolle
Hosts: Alligator mississippiensis, Caiman crocodilus crocodilus, Melanosuchus niger
  Biological location: stomach and intestine

    Dujardinascaris waltoni                   Ortleppascaris antipini              Brevimulticaecum tennuicolle